As sustainability efforts ramp up across the apparel industry, developers are in search of new means of production as well as raw materials. Finnish textile company Spinnova just erected a new pilot factory and is prepared to launch a new textile to the market. This wood-pulp derivative is the latest eco-friendly fiber.
Spinnova is hoping to use its fiber-spinning technology to spin 100 to 400 tons of fibers each year. “This fully correlates with our vision of scaling the sustainable fiber production into big commercial volumes in the future for maximum environmental impact,” CEO Janne Poranen told Sourcing Journal Online.
Reducing apparel’s carbon footprint
Fashion is tied in place with livestock as the “fifth most polluting industry in the world, according to The Global Fashion Agenda. Water consumption is a main root of that statistic. EcoCult exposed the fact that that globally, apparel production consumes, 79 cubic meters of water annually.” Cotton production is a significant source of this consumption. Spinnova’s process requires, “99% less water than cotton production,” reports Sourcing Journal Online
Heavy use of chemicals in the development process are used to transform fibers into textiles. China’s apparel industry is evidence of the repercussions of its chemical use. It is the second largest consumer of chemicals in the world. The movie Riverblue showed how these toxins are leached into the local water supply, creating “cancer villages.” Spinnova’s does not require any chemicals during the wood pulp’s conversion into a fiber.
Spinnova plans to reuse, recycle, and compost
Apparel tops the list of the most polluting industry due to its staggering 92 million tons of solid waste it produces per year. Much emphasis has been on consumer waste.
The rise in income and fast fashion has attributed to this figure. Although, the central causation is commercial waste which 40 times that of consumer waste; which is due to the cut- and – sew process. The Spinnova’s textiles aim to reduce waste because the fibers can be reused, recycled, and composted.
Also, their spinning method and technology has the option of being used for “other bio-based raw materials,” Spinnova added as a further benefit to their fibers. These new textiles will be available in the first quarter of 2019.